5 Diseases Caused By Nutritional Deficiencies

5 Diseases Caused By Nutritional Deficiencies

  • 26/Feb/2019
  • 127
  • Shruti Goenka

A healthy and balanced diet, enriched with all the essential nutrients, is a must for overall well-being. Children and adults alike require proper nutrition for ensuring a healthy and long life. Malnutrition and deficiency of these vital elements can lead to serious diseases and conditions.

 

1. Rickets:

 

Deficiency of Vitamin D along with calcium and potassium in the body causes rickets. Rickets is characterized by weak and soft bones, bowed legs and bone deformities. Fish, fortified dairy products, liver, oil and sunlight are some rich sources of Vitamin D. One may need to resort to dietary supplements for making up for the lack of the “sunshine vitamin” in the body.

 

2. Pellagra:

 

Dementia, diarrhea, dermatitis and death are “the four Ds” that characterize Pellagra, a disease caused by the lack of Niacin or B3 in the body. The deficiency of niacin is also accompanied by a short supply of the amino acids, tryptophan and lysine or the excessive presence of lysine in the body. Foods enriched with niacin are tuna, whole grains, peanuts, mushrooms, chicken etc. These should be consumed regularly to ward off this disease.

 

3. Scurvy:

 

Alarmingly reduced levels of Vitamin C or ascorbic acid in the body can cause scurvy. Scurvy basically inhibits the production of collagen in the body which is the structural protein that connects the tissues. Decaying of the skin and gums, abnormal formation of teeth and bones, delay or inability to heal wounds and bleeding are the effects of scurvy on the body. One must ensure optimal consumption of Vitamin C by having citrus fruits like oranges, lemon, strawberry etc and broccoli regularly.

 

4. Beri Beri:

 

Lack of Vitamin B1 or thiamine in the body leads to the disease called beri beri. The most common symptoms of this illness are altered muscle coordination, nerve degeneration and cardiovascular problems. Meat, eggs, whole grains, dried beans etc are rich in thiamine and thus, should be consumed in proper amounts everyday to avoid this painful ailment.

 

5. Iron Deficiency Anaemia:

 

Iron deficiency anaemia is a disease caused by the deficiency of iron in the body. It is characterized by a decrease in the red blood cell count or hemoglobin in the body, resulting in fatigue, weakness, dyspnoea and paleness of the body. It can be easily treated by changing to a healthy diet and consuming iron supplements on a regular basis. Squashes, nuts, tofu, bran etc are rich sources of iron for the body